Bobby Fischer was born at Michael Reese Hospital in Chicago, Illinois, 9 March 1943.
Bobby Fischer's mother, Regina Wender Fischer was an American citizen of Polish-Russian Jewish descent, born in Switzerland and raised in St. Louis, Missouri.She later became a teacher, a nurse and a physician.The couple married in 1933 in Moscow . USSR, where Regina was reading medicine at the first Moscow .
Fischer experienced a "meteoric rise" in his playing strength during 1956.On the tenth national valuation list of the U.S. Chess Federation (USCF), which was published on 20 May 1956, was his assessment a modest 1726, more than 900 points below the top-rated Samuel Reshevsky (2663). Fischer first real success was winning the U.S. Junior Chess Championship in July 1956.
Bobby Fischer scored 8 ½ / 10 in Philadelphia to become the youngest ever Junior Champion in 13 years, a record that still stands. In 1956 U.S. Open Chess Championship in Oklahoma City, Fischer scored 8 ½ / 12 to tie for fourth, eight places with Arthur Bisguier win. In the first Canadian Open Chess Championship at Montreal 1956, he scored 7 / 10 to tie for 8-12 places with Larry Evans wins.